Overview of Kingdom Animalia


Kingdom Animalia



Kingdom Animalia



Kingdom Animalia



Invertebrate Animals

INVERTEBRATE
PHYLUM
EXAMPLES MAIN CHARACTERISTICS SYMMETRY REPRODUCTION
(Sexual or Asexual)
PORIFERA Sponge
  • Marine
  • Absorb nutrients and oxygen directly from water
  • Pores
- Both
CNIDARIA OR
COELENTERATA
Jellyfish, coral, hydra, sea anemone
  • Marine
  • Hollow body
  • Stinging cells on tentacles
Radial Both
PLATYHELMINTHES Flatworms - Tapeworm, liver fluke, planarian
  • Most are parasitic
  • Planarians are free-living
Bilateral Both
NEMATODA Roundworms - Hookworm, threadworm
  • Unsegmented elongated soft body
Bilateral Sexual
NEMERTEA Ribbon worms or Proboscis worms
  • Marine
  • Extendable proboscis to catch prey
Bilateral Sexual
BRYOZOA Moss animals
  • Marine
  • Sessile (fixed to rocks)
  • Resembles seaweed
Bilateral Some asexual,
some sexual
MOLLUSCA Slug, snail, clam, oyster, octopus, squid
  • Soft body
  • Muscular 'foot'
  • Tongue-like radula
Bilateral Sexual
ANNELIDA Segmented worms - Earthworm, leech
  • Segmented elongated soft body
  • More complex than other worms because of extra internal protective cavity called a coelem
Bilateral Sexual
ARTHROPODA Crustaceans - Crab, prawn, barnacle, slater, water flea

Myriapods - Centipede, millipede

Arachnids - Spider, scorpion, tick, mite

Insects - Bee, fly, dragonfly, moth, grasshopper, cockroach
All Arthropods
  • Exoskeleton
  • Segmented body
  • Jointed legs, some modified for swimming or feeding
Crustaceans
  • Aquatic
  • Gills
Myriapods
  • 1 or 2 pairs of legs per body segment
Arachnids
  • 4 pairs of legs
  • No antennae
Insects
  • 3 pairs of legs
  • Antennae
Bilateral Sexual
ECHINODERMATA Starfish, sea cucumber, sea urchin, sand dollar
  • Marine
  • 'Spiny' skin
  • Internal structure of calcium carbonate
Radial Both


Vertebrate Animals in Phylum Chordata

VERTEBRATE
CLASS
FISH CLASS AMPHIBIA CLASS REPTILIA CLASS AVES
(BIRDS)
CLASS
MAMMALIA
EXAMPLES Jawless Fish - Lamprey

Cartilaginous Fish - Shark, ray, lungfish

Bony Fish - Trout, barramundi
Frog, toad, salamander, newt Snake, lizard, crocodile, turtle Eagle, emu, penguin Monotremes - platypus, echidna

Marsupials - koala, kangaroo, wombat, bandicoot

Placentals - human, dog, whale, dolphin
BODY TEMPERATURE Changing Changing Changing Constant Constant
BODY COVERING Scales Moist skin Scales Feathers Hair or fur
BREATHING ORGANS Gills Early stage as tadpole - gills
Adult stage - lungs and moist skin
Lungs Lungs Lungs
SYMMETRY Bilateral Bilateral Bilateral Bilateral Bilateral
REPRODUCTION
  • Sexual
  • Most lay eggs
  • Sexual
  • Lay eggs
  • Sexual
  • Most lay eggs
  • Sexual
  • Lay eggs
  • Sexual
  • Mammary glands